gotten

gotten
got|ten [ˈgɔtn US ˈga:tn]
AmE the past participle of ↑get
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US/UK DIFFERENCE
In American English, gotten is the usual past participle of get : I'd gotten an A on the test. | It has gotten really warm. | I heard they had gotten divorced.
gotten is not used as the past participle for got to meaning 'must'. Speakers of American English say had to rather than had got to : We had to be there on time.
In British English, gotten is not used. The past participle of get in British English is got : I had got a letter from my sister in Australia.
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Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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  • gotten — 1. Few uses mark out the Americanness of a person more readily than their natural use of got and gotten as alternative past participles of get. (These uses are also spreading to Australia and New Zealand, as some of the examples given below will… …   Modern English usage

  • gotten — [gät′ n] vt., vi. alt. pp. of GET USAGE although both GOTTEN and GOT are accepted past participles for most senses of the verb GET, GOTTEN has become the prevailing form in the U.S. in all speech and writing, especially for the senses of… …   English World dictionary

  • gotten — gotten; un·gotten; …   English syllables

  • Gotten — Got ten, p. p. of {Get}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gotten — past part of GET …   Medical dictionary

  • gotten — pp. of GET (Cf. get), showing vestiges of the O.E. form of the verb …   Etymology dictionary

  • gotten — AmE the past participle of get: You ve gotten us into a lot of trouble. see also: ill­gotten USAGE NOTE: GOTTEN GRAMMAR In British English, got is the past participle of get, but in American English, gotten is more commonly used as the past… …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • gotten — [[t]gɒ̱t(ə)n[/t]] Gotten is the past participle of get in American English. → See also ill gotten gains …   English dictionary

  • Gotten — Get Get (g[e^]t), v. t. [imp. {Got} (g[o^]t) (Obs. {Gat} (g[a^]t)); p. p. {Got} (Obsolescent {Gotten} (g[o^]t t n)); p. pr. & vb. n. {Getting}.] [OE. geten, AS. gitan, gietan (in comp.); akin to Icel. geta, Goth. bigitan to find, L. prehendere to …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gotten — See got, gotten …   Dictionary of problem words and expressions

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